Different Types of Aircrafts used for Air Charter and Air Ambulances:-
1. Single Piston Aircraft
Pistonprop single-engine aircraft are ideally suited for short-range flights with a few passengers or light load of cargo in good to fair weather conditions.
Pistonprop aircraft are propelled by a gas combustion propeller engine. Pistonprops are typically smaller than other aircraft categories and therefore cannot fly as
far without stopping for fuel, but they are able to access many airports with shorter runways, thereby getting the charter passenger closer to their ultimate
Average Passenger Capacity: 3-4
Representative Aircraft: Beech Bonanza, Cessna 206, Cessna Skylane 210, Piper Cherokee Six, Cirrus SR-22
2. Multi Piston Aircraft
Pistonprop multi-engine aircraft are ideally suited for short-range flights for a small group of passengers or light cargo. Pistonprop multis are usually less
expensive than turboprops or jets. Pistonprop multi-engine aircraft are considered safer and more reliable than single-engine piston aircraft, especially in
inclement weather situations.
Average Passenger Capacity: 1-5
Representative Aircraft: Beech Baron, Cessna 402, Piper Navajo
3. Turboprop Aircraft
Turboprop aircraft combine the low-cost advantages of the piston aircraft while sharing some of the performance and cabin comfort advantages of light jets. Turboprops
are powered by turbine propeller engines. With average cruising speeds of over 300 mph and an average nonstop range above 1,000 miles, a turboprop can travel further,
faster and offer more comfort than piston aircraft while keeping charter costs below those of jet aircraft. Popular for short to mid-range flights, turboprops can
access runways that are often too short for jet aircraft.
Average Passenger Capacity: 4-8
Representative Aircraft: King Air 90, 100, 200, 300, Cheyenne I, II, III, IV, Merlin, Beech Starship, Pilatus PC-12, Commander
4. Very Light Jets
Very Light Jets are a lower-cost alternative to other charter aircraft, without sacrificing any of the service. Designed for a single pilot, VLJs are lighter than most
business jets and have a maximum take-off weight of under 10,000 pounds, or 4540 kg.
Average Passenger Capacity: 4-8
Representative Aircraft: Eclipse 500, Cessna Mustang and Embraer Phenom 100.
5. Light Jets
Light jets are the entry-level jet class in the charter industry. Light jets are the most economical choice for short to mid-range trips. With average cruising speeds
of 440 mph and an average nonstop range of about 1,500 miles, a light jet can travel further and faster than non-jet aircraft while operating in and out of airports
not accessible by the major airlines.
Average Passenger Capacity: 4-8
Representative Aircraft: Citation II, Learjet 35, Falcon 10, Westwind, Beechjet 400
6. Mid Jets
Midsize Jet aircraft optimally blend comfort, performance and economy for medium length flights. With average cruising speeds over 500 mph and a nonstop range of
about 2,100 miles, a midsize jet can travel further, faster and with more comfort then light jets while operating in and out of airports not accessible by the major
Average Passenger Capacity: 5-9
Representative Aircraft: Learjet 55, Falcon 20, Hawker 800, Citation VII
7. Heavy Jets
Heavy jets are top-of-the-line executive aircraft offering optimum performance and amenities for long-range flights. With average cruising speeds of 530 mph and an
average nonstop range over 4,000 miles, a heavy jet can travel further and with more comfort than smaller jets while operating in and out of airports not accessible
to the major airlines.
Average Passenger Capacity: 10-19
Representative Aircraft: Falcon 900 or 2000 Challenger 600, 601 or 604, Gulfstream II, III, IV or V
8. Turboprop Airliners
Turboprops airliners combine a larger passenger cabin with turboprop performance. Popular for short to mid-range flights, they can often land at airports with runways
too short for jet aircraft and are typically more economical than jet airliners. Turboprop airliners are powered by two to four turbine propeller engines. Compared to
regular turboprop aircraft they usually have more powerful engines and a longer nonstop range.
Average Passenger Capacity: 19-65
Representative Aircraft: Beech Commuter 1900, Jetstream 31, Swearingen Metro
9. Jet Airliners
Jet airliners are capable of carrying large groups of people or heavy cargos on medium to long-range flights. The wide variety of jet airliner types encompass diverse
performance characteristics. Smaller jet airliners are designated "regional" and are best suited for mid-range domestic transport, while the largest jet airliners
can carry hundreds of passengers over thousands of non-stop miles. Jet airliners are powered by two to four jet engines and typically feature pressurized passenger
cabins for added comfort, safety and performance. Jet airliners can be either executive configured, featuring multiple berths, lavatories, a gym, shower, meeting room
or study, and other luxurious appointments; or economy-configured like a commercial airliner to maximize passenger capacity. While the majority of jet airliners are
used for scheduled service, many are available for charter through charter companies, brokers and charter divisions of major airlines.
Average Passenger Capacity: 25-500+
Representative Aircraft: Airbus 300, Boeing 727, McDonnell-Douglas DC-10
Helicopters can move into and out of difficult to reach places like big-city congestion or remote wilderness locations. They are perfect for small groups of people
that need to travel a short distance in good weather conditions. Today's modern charter helicopters are typically powered by a single jet engine or dual jet engines
and fly at speeds up to 175 mph for average ranges of 100-350 miles. Helicopter charter enables passengers to hover to take photos of a real estate site, carry the
injured to area hospitals, land in locations where there are no available airports and generally get in and out of places faster and easier than with fixed-wing
Average Passenger Capacity: 3-10
Representative Aircraft: Bell Jetranger, Eurocopter Twinstar, Sikorsky S76, and Agusta 109
11. Cargo Aircharter
Any type of cargo. Ranging from short notice flights carrying vital spare parts up to large cargo aircraft that can transport any volumnious goods.
The life-preserving services that the world’s air ambulances provide can be classified broadly into two main categories: rotary-wing and fixed-wing.
Rotary Wing Airambulances:-
Helicopter ambulances are used in a variety of situations, primarily dealing with emergency response. Hospitals utilize them to carry specially-trained air EMS
(Emergency Medical Services) teams out to a location where a patient has been injured (like an accident scene), and then to escort the patient safely and quickly
back to the hospital.Helicopters are used for transporting patients over relatively short distances. A major benefit that rotary-wing air ambulances have over fixed-wing air ambulances
is that they are able to land in a much greater variety of locations.
However, they have shorter operating ranges and thus are generally used “locally” for emergencies (HEMS) where the patient is in critical condition and both time and
receiving high quality care is a factor.
Fixed Wing Airambulances:-
Fixed-wing air ambulances may either be propeller driven or jet engine powered.
In terms of transport distance, propeller driven aircraft called Turboprops are generally used for shorter distance flight (though usually longer than it would be reasonable to use a
rotary-wing ambulance for).
Longer-distance air ambulances are usually business jets, such as Lear jets, that have been converted into housing high-tech medical equipment and may have had other
alterations to better enable them to accommodate a patient and a medical crew.
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